Since the good old days, people have been moving from the narrow confines of their homeland across international borders in the wider world. They relocate intending to settle in the new land, either temporarily or permanently. Such people are called immigrants. With the advent of globalisation, the vision of human life has expanded more than before. Immigration or the act of moving to a new land or a country where one does not hold citizenship is an act of faith. The motivating factors are greater opportunities for growth and higher income levels. But more than this, the deep dynamics of the international labour market determine the demand and supply of jobs. The journey of immigration is not always smooth. Many immigrants go through social and economic pushes in the form of Xenophobia, exclusion, injustice, lack of regulations in the migrant sector, etc. Nevertheless, immigrants contribute to the economic development of the host nation. It has been determined that an extra 1% increase in a country’s migrant population supplements an extra 2% GDP per capita in the long term. Immigrants complement the existing population’s skills and also add up to the working-age population. How does the presence of immigrants strengthen a nation’s economy? Are there any challenges lying ahead? Explore in this module.